Substance

1 History

1.1 Foundations

1.2 The American Revolution

1.3 19th century

1.4 20th century

2 Current tasks

2.1 Five-year designs

2.2 Initiatives

3 Budget

3.1 Revenue decrease and arranged cuts

3.2 Retirement financing and installment defaults

3.3 Rate increments

3.4 Reform bundles, conveyance changes, and liquor conveyance

4 Governance and association

4.1 Privatization

5 Universal administration commitment and imposing business model status

5.1 Legal premise and method of reasoning

5.2 2008 give an account of widespread postal administration and the postal syndication

5.3 Competitors

5.4 Alternative transmission techniques

5.5 Criticism of the widespread administration prerequisite and the postal imposing business model

6 Law requirement offices

6.1 Postal Inspection Service

6.2 Office of Inspector General

7 How conveyance administrations work

7.1 Elements of tending to and getting ready household mail

7.2 Paying postage

7.3 Other electronic postage installment strategies

7.4 Service dimension decisions

7.5 International administrations

7.6 Sorting and conveyance process

7.7 Delivery planning

8 Financial administrations

9 Employment in the USPS

9.1 Workplace viciousness

10 In fiction

11 See moreover

12 References

13 Further perusing

14 External connections

History

Additional data: Postage stamps and postal history of the United States

Establishments

Running horse logo utilized by the U.S. Mail station Department before the formation of the USPS

In the early long stretches of the North American provinces, numerous endeavors were made to start a postal administration. These early endeavors were of little scale and typically included a province, Massachusetts Bay Colony for instance, setting up an area in Boston where one could post a letter back home to England. Different endeavors concentrated on a devoted postal administration between two of the bigger states, for example, Massachusetts and Virginia, yet the accessible administrations stayed restricted in extension and incoherent for a long time. For instance, casual autonomously run postal courses worked in Boston as ahead of schedule as 1639, with a Boston to New York City benefit beginning in 1672.

A focal postal association went to the states in 1691, when Thomas Neale got a 21-year concede from the British Crown for a North American Postal Service. On February 17, 1691, an allow of letters patent from the joint sovereigns, William III and Mary II, engaged him:

to erect, settle, and set up inside the main parts of their majesties’ states and manors in America, an office or workplaces for accepting and dispatching letters and pacquets, and to get, send, and convey the equivalent under such rates and wholes of cash as the grower will consent to offer, and to hold and appreciate the equivalent for the term of twenty-one years.[12]

The patent incorporated the restrictive ideal to set up and gather a formal postal assessment on authority reports of various sorts. The expense was canceled a year later. Neale named Andrew Hamilton, Governor of New Jersey, as his appointee postmaster. The main postal administration in America started in February 1692. Rates of postage were settled and approved, and measures were taken to build up a mail station in every town in Virginia. Massachusetts and alternate states before long passed postal laws, and an extremely flawed mail station framework was built up. Neale’s patent lapsed in 1710, when Parliament stretched out the English postal framework to the states. The main office was set up in New York City, where letters were passed on by ordinary parcels over the Atlantic.

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Joined States Postal Service

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“Joined States Post Office” diverts here. For individual post workplaces, see List of United States Post Offices.

“USPS” diverts here. For the non-benefit sculling security and training association, see United States Power Squadrons.

Joined States Postal Service

Joined States Postal Service Logo.svg

Logo utilized since 1993

Uspsheadquartersatlenfantplaza.jpg

USPS home office

Office outline

Formed July 1, 1971; 47 years back

Washington, D.C., U.S.[1]

Type Independent

Headquarters 475 L’Enfant Plaza SW

Washington, D.C. 20260-0004 U.S.

Employees 639,789 (508,908 vocation, 130,881 non-profession) as of September 30, 2016[2]

Office officials

Megan Brennan, Postmaster General

Ronald A. Stroman, Deputy Postmaster General

Key archive

Postal Clause of the United States Constitution

Website http://www.usps.com

Income (2017) Decrease US$ 69.636 billion

Net salary (2017) Decrease US$ (2.742) billion[3]

The full falcon logo, utilized in different forms from 1970 to 1993

The United States Postal Service (USPS; otherwise called the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an autonomous office of the United States government in charge of giving postal administration in the United States, including its separate territories and related states. It is one of only a handful couple of government offices expressly approved by the United States Constitution.

The U.S. Mail follows its underlying foundations to 1775 amid the Second Continental Congress, when Benjamin Franklin was named the primary postmaster general. The Post Office Department was made in 1792 from Franklin’s activity, hoisted to a bureau level office in 1872, and changed in 1971 into the U.S. Postal Service as an autonomous organization.

The USPS as of February 2015 has 617,254 dynamic workers and worked 211,264 vehicles in 2014. The USPS is the administrator of the biggest non military personnel vehicle armada in the world.[2] The USPS is legitimately committed to serve all Americans, paying little mind to topography, at uniform cost and quality. The USPS has select access to letter boxes stamped “U.S. Mail” and individual letterboxes in the United States, yet now needs to go up against private bundle conveyance administrations, for example, United Parcel Service and FedEx.[4]

Since the mid 1980s, a large number of the immediate assessment endowments to the Post Office, except for appropriations for expenses related with the handicapped and abroad voters, have been decreased or killed for aberrant sponsorships, notwithstanding the points of interest related with a legislature upheld imposing business model on the conveyance of top notch mail.[5] Since the 2006 unsurpassed pinnacle mail volume,[6] after which Congress passed the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act[7] which commanded that $5.5 billion every year be paid to completely prefund representative retirement wellbeing benefits,[8] income dropped strongly because of subsidence influenced[9] declining mail volume,[10] provoking the postal administration to look to different wellsprings of income while slicing expenses to diminish its financial plan deficit.[11]